Retinal Diseases

Retinal Diseases

Diabetic Retinopathy

In Type 1 and Type 2 diabetic patients, the retina is damaged. Since diabetes patients can be disturbed at any time, these patients need to have regular eye examinations even when their eyesight is not affected.

In the disease all retinal cells and veins are affected. Fluid collection in the retina, vein occlusions, bleeding occurs. The vision diminishes.

The disease has two phases, early (non-proliferative) and late (proliferative). In the late stage damage is more and the disease can come to this stage rapidly.

Today, there are very effective treatment methods such as laser treatments and needle treatments. Treatment success; selection of the correct treatment method (laser-needle or combined treatment), right-time treatment, and the application of the treatment by specialist ophthalmologists in the field of Retina.

 

Hypertensive Retinopathy

Very common high blood pressure disease causes eye damage and decreased vision. All patients with high blood pressure (hypertension) need to undergo eye examinations at certain intervals. As in the case of this disease, vein occlusion, edema, bleeding can be seen in the retina.

Effective treatment methods are available and successful results can be obtained if retinal medicine is administered by physicians.

 

Age related macular degeneration (AMD)

It is a common disease especially in people over 50 years old. Age-related changes in the retina result in disease and vision is severely diminished. There are two types of disease, dry and wet. Both types of disease present a serious risk of vision loss. All people over the age of 50 need to be examined by a specialist eye doctor in the field of retina. Effective treatments for disease treatment are available today. AMD patients need to be closely followed (usually monthly follow-up). It can be protected from blindness by properly applied treatments.

 

Retinal Detachment

Retina is the nerve layer that allows us to sense seeing. If retinal detach from its original position visual acuity drops significantly. In most patients, retina rupture (retinal break) occurs first. During the formation of tears, sudden complaints occur, such as light flashes, fly or spider fly. Retinal sidorder can be treated with laser therapy and/or gas injection (pneumatic retinopexy) at this stage.

 

Macular Hole

In these disorder, there is a hole in the vision center (yellow dot). The vision diminishes significantly. The treatment is the surgery.

Epiretinal Membrane

It is a membrane formation on the retina’s visual center. It causes diminished vision. It can be treated with surgery.

Retinal Vessel Occlusions

It is a congestion in the veins feeding the retina. Although it is usually seen in elderly patients with high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes (diabetes) or glaucoma, however it can also occur in young people. After occlusion, the cells that allow us to see through the retinal blood circulation start to die, and visual acuity diminish. Fluid collection (edema) and bleeding are common in the retina. It is possible to treat the patient with laser, needle and occasionally necessary surgeons.

 

Central Serous Retinopathy

In this disease fluid accumulates under the layer. Accumulation of liquid is disturbed vision. It is more common in males, smokers, and cortisone users. Effective methods are available for treatment and prevention of recurrence of the disease.

Proper nutrition and proper vitamin supplements to be used in some cases can be very effective in terms of retina and eye health.