What is Glaucoma ?
It is a common eye disease that causes visual loss when not treated. When the disease starts, in most of the cases it does not show any signs of illness, it progresses insidiously and causes vision loss.
Increased intraocular fluid pressure causes damage to the optic nerve. This causes a reduction in vision and there is no return after damage has occurred. Because of this an early diagnosis of glaucoma is very important.
The aim of the treatment is to reduce the increased intraocular pressure. This prevents visual acuity damage. The external images perceived by the healthy visual nerve are carried to the visual center at the back of our brain and the visual sensation is ensured.
In the most common form of glaucoma, called Primer Open Angle Glaucoma, the disease progresses insidiously, with no signs of progression until vision loss progresses. Glaucoma patients may not be aware of the existence of their illness for a long time.
Ideally, once every 2 years before age 40, every year after age 40, person should apply for eye exam. The disease is most commonly seen over the age of 40, but can be seen at any age, including newborn babies.
There is another type of disease called “Narrow Angle Glaucoma” which is less common. It occurs suddenly with the crisis, with severe eye pain, nausea-vomiting, and redness in the eye. It requires emergency treatment.
The diagnosis can be made with a appropriate eye examination and, if necessary, additional tests. Intraocular pressure lowering drops, laser treatments and surgical methods can be used. Every patient’s disease is his or her own. Doctor should planned and applied correct treatment according to the patient’s situation. Patients with glaucoma should be monitored regularly for life.
Early diagnosis and treatment prevents blindness.